Waste to energy plant
The construction of Waste-to-energy plant was decided within the framework of “The Comprehensive Action Plan about the improvement of ecological situation in the Republic of Azerbaijan for 2006-2010 years” approved by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated 28.08.2006. The open tender was held for selecting the Contractor Company by the Ministry of Economic Development and the agreement on designing, building, operating and provision of technical services for “Waste-to-energy plant in the city of Baku” was signed with the winner company French “Constructions Industrielles de la Mediterranee S.A.” (“CNIM” S.A.) on 15th December 2008. The contract is type of “turn-key” and it is being carried out with the principle of “Design Build Operate”. So the designing, building and operating are entirely being held by “CNIM” S.A.
The total cost of design-build works of plant is 346 million Euros. The designing, construction and 20 year operation of the future Waste-to-energy plant with 500,000 tons of MSW per year is considered in 20 ha area designated in Balakhani settlement. Balakhani Waste-to-Energy Plant consists of 2 incineration lines, each line with 250,000 ton capacity and a turbine producing electricity. The amount of electricity obtained as a result of burning of waste will be equal to 231,5 million kWh/year.
The President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev laid the foundation of Waste-to-energy plant on November 3, 2009 and participated in the Plant’s inauguration ceremony on December 19, 2012.It is considered to be the biggest Waste-to-energy plant in Eastern Europe and CIS countries. The plant was constructed using 4G technologies and completely complies with local and European standards of environmental protection. Fly ash generated during the incineration process is caught by the special filters and does not pollute the environment. Concerning the bottom ash which is heavier and less harmful could be utilized as a construction material for road construction. And finally, industrial water used for cooling during waste incineration is discharged to sewerage only after treatment. Monitoring of emission level at the plant is conducted and controlled daily. Before launching the construction of the plant Environmental Impact Assessment was done and presented to various public discussions.
French company “CNIM” S.A. is one of the best and leading companies of the world. The company with a 50 year experience has constructed a number of Waste-to-energy plants in more than 120 countries of the world, basically in Europe. The company has a great experience as a designer and a main contractor in this field.